Tools and Joinery

Image (3)“He who works with his hands is a laborer. He who works with his hands and his head is a craftsman. He who works with his hands and his head and his heart is an artist.”

-St. Francis of Assissi

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Chisel

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CHISELS and SLICKS

Chisels and slicks come in various sizes and are used for different outcomes in the timbers. The chisels and slicks we use in our shop are hand forged from carbon steel with a flat back and a socket handle.

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MALLETS

 Mallets are hammers used for hitting the wooden handle of the chisel. They have a large rawhide head which can become a little deformed over time with lots of use.

002

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OUTSIDE CALIPER

The caliper is used to check the thickness and evenness of tenons.  It will verify that the tenon will fit into the appropriate size mortise.

051

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FIXED SCRIBE

The fixed scribe allows consistency with lines when laying out joinery, such as housings and splines.

007

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ADJUSTABLE SCRIBE

The adjustable scribe allows specific measurements. It is the same as a fixed scribe but allows a variety of distances and measurements to be reached.

012

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FRAMING SQUARE 

The framing square is used to transfer lines around a timber with a 90° angle. It is also used as a measuring tool.

046

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STAIR GAUGES

Stair gauges are used on the framing square to transcribe angled measurements other than 90° for the appropriate pitch.

048

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Using stair gauges

on the framing square.

019

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SPEED SQUARE 

The speed square is used to transfer lines of 45° angles onto timbers.

023

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HOOK RULE

A 1 foot long precision ruler that can be used up to 1/64 of an inch.

015

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BEVEL

The bevel is adjustable. It is used to mark and check all angled lines.

025

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COMBINATION SQUARE

The combination square is used primarily with joinery to check the squareness and depth of a variety of cuts onto the timbers.

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AWL

The awl is a tool used to mark the location for holes to be drilled.  It sets a starting point.

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SPLINE

A typical spline (or so-called free tenon) is 1 1/2″ thick x 4 1/2″ high. A spline joint is exceedingly strong, traditional, and serves admirably as a design accent. A spline joint is also easy to assemble, making our timber frame raising much safer.

Mortise and Tenon

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MORTISE AND TENON

Mortise is a groove into which a tenon is inserted. Tenon is the projecting end of a timber that is inserted into a mortise.

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Pegs and splines are shown in this photo

PEGS

Wooden pegs are used in timber frame construction to hold our attractive mortise and tenon joints together.  Pegs come in different diameters depending on their use. In general, Homestead Timber Frames uses 3/4″ diameter pegs for knee brace tenons and 1″ pegs for most major timber joints. We provide locust for pegs in exterior timber frame joints and ash pegs for interior joints.